Martin Blaser

HMB_MartinBlaser

Appointment

  • Advisor
  • Humans & the Microbiome

Institution

  • New York University
departments of medicine and microbiology

Country

  • United States

Education

MD, New York University
BA (Economics), University of Pennsylvania

About

Martin Blaser seeks to understand the relationships we have with our persistently colonizing bacteria.

His work over the past 30 years has focused on human pathogens, including Campylobacter species and Helicobacter pylori, which are model systems for understanding interactions of residential bacteria with their human hosts. Over the last decade, Blaser has actively studied the relationship of the human microbiome with humans in terms of evolution, persistence mechanisms, host-interactions and population dynamics. He has looked at extinctions of ancient microbiota constituents. This research has implications for health, relating to asthma, obesity, diabetes and allergies.

Awards

Alexander Fleming Award, 2014

Infectious Diseases Society of America Oswald Avery Award, 1992

Relevant Publications

Nomura, A. et al. "Helicobacter pylori infection and gastric carcinoma in a population of Japanese-Americans in Hawaii." New England Journal of Medicine 325 (1991): 1132–1136.

Blaser, M.J., and D. Kirschner. "Dynamics of Helicobacter pylori colonization in relation to the host response." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96 (1999): 8359–8364.

Ghose, C. et al. "East Asian genotypes of Helicobacter pylori: strains in Amerindians provide evidence for its ancient human carriage." Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA 99 (2002): 15107–15111.

Cho, I. et al. "Antibiotics in early life alter the murine colonic microbiome and adiposity." Nature 488 (2012): 621–26.

Cox, L.M. et al. "Altering the intestinal microbiota during a critical developmental window has lasting metabolic consequences." Cell 158 (2014): 705–21.

Books
Blaser, M.J. Missing Microbes: How the Overuse of Antibiotics Is Fueling Our Modern Plagues. New York: Henry Holt and Co, 2014.

Bennett, J., R. Dolin, and M.J. Blaser, eds. Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 8th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2014.

Blaser, M.J. et al., eds. Infections of the Gastrointestinal Tract. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2014.

Connect

Google Scholar