Werner Israel

Bio Outline


  • Distinguished Fellow
  • Gravity & the Extreme Universe


  • University of Victoria
Department of Physics & Astronomy


  • Canada


PhD, Trinity College, Dublin
MSc, University of Cape Town
BSc, University of Cape Town


Werner Israel is a cosmologist whose research has ranged over the entire field of general relativity.

He has contributed particularly to black hole physics, relativistic thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, and to the dynamics and structure of high concentrations of matter, such as cosmic strings and the walls of the false vacuum bubbles that form in inflationary theories of cosmology. In the last few years, Israel and his students have used Einstein’s theory to unravel the physical conditions inside black holes and the nature of their singularities.


CAP Medal in Mathematical Physics, 1995

Officer of the Order of Canada, 1994

Fellow of the Royal Society (London), 1986

Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, 1972

Relevant Publications

Hawking, S.W., and W. Israel. Three Hundred Years of Gravitation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.

Hawking, S.W., and W. Israel. General Relativity: an Einstein Centenary Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Israel, W. "Event Horizons in Static Vacuum Space-Times." Phys. Rev. 164 (December 1967): 1776.