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Werner Israel Cosmologist

Werner Israel’s research has ranged over the entire field of general relativity. He has contributed particularly to black hole physics, relativistic thermodynamics and statistical mechanics and to the dynamics and structure of high concentrations of matter, such as cosmic strings and the walls of the false vacuum bubbles that form in inflationary theories of cosmology. In the last few years, Israel and his students have used Einstein’s theory to unravel the physical conditions inside black holes and the nature of their singularities.


CAP Medal in Mathematical Physics, 1995.

Officer of the Order of Canada, 1994.

Elected Fellow of the Royal Society (London), 1986.

Elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, 1972.

Relevant Publications

W. Israel, "Event Horizons in Static Vacuum Space-Times," Phys. Rev. vol. 164, pp. 1776, Dec. 1967.


S.W. Hawking and W. Israel, Three Hundred Years of Gravitation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1987.

S.W. Hawking, and W. Israel, General Relativity : an Einstein Centenary Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979.



Distinguished Fellow Gravity & the Extreme Universe


University of VictoriaDepartment of Physics and Astronomy


PhD Trinity College, Dublin

BSc University of Cape Town

MSc University of Cape Town



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